Responsibilities of a construction project manager – The World Trade Center tower in Manhattan Financial District, over 387 meters high, is the tallest building in the city, which even casts a shadow over the famous Empire State Building. Built on the World Trade Center headquarters, this building is a testament to America’s amazing ability to build great things.
But the glass building itself has not grown from a sidewalk: since 2006, a massive construction force has worked hard to build the world’s newest skyscraper.
At the head of this project and every other construction project, from cementing the parking lot to building an apartment, is the construction project manager.
The project manager has the primary responsibility for planning a specific construction project and monitoring its progress along the way. This position typically requires at least an associate’s degree and five years of work experience in a related field (some of which require a four-year engineering degree). The experience pays off: Project managers earn about $ 84,000 a year, and their employment prospects are expected to grow by about 17 percent this decade.
Join us in this article to explore the responsibilities of a construction project manager.
1- Planning of construction project manager
Before hammering the first nail, the project manager must plan what the workers are doing under his supervision.
The project manager will work on a proposed project to determine how and when to do the work, including the preparation that must be completed before construction begins. Cost estimation by the project manager is important because it determines the price his company offers for its services.
The project manager also prepares a roadmap that the construction team must adhere to in order to get the job done on time and cost-effectively (the other two responsibilities of the project manager). The construction manager should scrutinize the project in-depth to be prepared to do the work that happens along the way.
2- Recruitment, dismissal, supervision
At the construction site, the project manager is the boss.
The construction project manager is not only responsible for planning and ensuring that work is done, but also oversees the workers. This means coordinating and directing the efforts of construction workers. It also means hiring, punishing, and perhaps even firing those who go out of line; Or those who spend more time drinking coffee, reading the newspaper, and doing unexpected things at work.
In other words, it is the project manager’s job to get the job done through other people. In this respect, and in many other ways, the project manager is no different from the manager in other areas of the job.
3- Procurement of equipment and materials
“If you are asked to cook dinner, at least they should let you buy the food yourself,” NFL legend Bill Parcels once said of his desire to select his teammates. The same is true for construction project managers when selecting tools and equipment to complete the job.
The people supervised by the project manager cannot do anything without the right tools. The project manager must provide the equipment and supplies (from nails to bulldozers) needed to complete the project. Of course, there is no need to find a place to store it and implement a method to track inventory.
It is important for the project manager to be careful in this part of the job, to keep costs within the project budget, and also to ensure that no waiting time for additional equipment or repairs is lost when construction begins.
4- Setting goals of construction project manager
The construction project manager may not be the one to turn the screws and hammer on the nails, but he must make sure that everything is done correctly, on time, and at the expected cost.
After signing a contract with the owner (client), the project manager usually sets specific project goals. The construction project manager reviews the performance contract terms (requirements and deliverables) to determine exactly what needs to be done to execute the contract.
He then sets cost and time targets as well as “micro-targets” for the various stages of construction. Based on these goals, the project manager determines the number of workers and the types of supplies and materials needed to achieve them.
5- Observing time limits
People with construction experience often refer to the construction project as “any ambiguous set of activities associated with 90% progress, beyond budget, and with delays.”
A particular task usually has a very specific set of goals and constraints, and the timing of the task must be a primary goal. Duration is important because the construction contract often includes financial penalties against the builder in the event of a project delay. In fact, time is money.
To meet the construction deadline, the project manager must set a specific schedule with a set number of deadlines for the various projects to be completed. The construction project manager should also review the work on a daily basis to ensure timely progress. If the speed decreases; Whether due to the weather, an accident, or just a job that takes longer than expected, the project manager must make changes to get the job back on track.
6- Budget observance
A construction project is usually a business venture. Therefore, the project manager must keep money in mind when supervising the work.
Before starting work, the project manager performs cost estimates, taking into account wages, equipment, and materials, to help the budget. Cost forecasting is one of the most important aspects of construction project management because it determines the parameters by which not only the work is done, but also the financial success of the project.
Once the project has started, the project manager must make sure that the workers do not go beyond the set budget. He, therefore, monitors expenses on a daily or at least weekly basis, compares expenses paid with estimates and reduces or eliminates future expenses if necessary.
Values Engineering of construction project manager
Value engineering, developed by General Electric during World War II, is a technique used in various industries to reduce costs and increase productivity. This approach focuses on “performance” (the goals that each particular tool or task meets); Which requires the project manager to consider all possible options and evaluate the performance and cost of each specific option.
7- Keeping the customer (and the boss) satisfied
In a construction project, the project manager may be the boss but he works for two people: the construction company he hires and the client for whom a particular project is built.
The project manager is expected to keep both parties informed of the ongoing process and any obstacles in their path. This is usually done by preparing a variety of internal and external reports on job status, equipment, policies, and procedures, among other things.
If a problem arises that alters the construction plan, the project manager must inform the client of the situation and anticipate how it will affect time and cost, as well as identify changes to the plan.
8- Dispute management
The role of the project manager often requires the individual to step in and resolve various disputes. Unresolved disputes, whether between other construction workers or with subcontractors or customers, can cause problems for the construction project.
The key to successfully resolving labor disputes is to eliminate them before they become more widespread. This requires clear preventive measures and effective mechanisms for resolving conflicts that inevitably arise.
Disputes with the customer, which may arise based on the objectives of the program, performance guarantee, or deviation from the original terms of the contract, should be carefully considered to ensure a smooth working relationship throughout the life of the project.
Unresolved disputes can lead to significant legal costs and slow down the project process by removing workers from the task of focusing on dispute resolution. In dealing with these conflicts, the project manager should seek to resolve them quickly and informally (use appropriate technical input if necessary) and get the job done.
Alternate dispute resolution
In many construction contracts, in the event of a dispute between the builder and the customer, they seek an “alternative” solution. This usually refers to arbitration in which an impartial arbitrator examines the dispute and hears the arguments of both parties before making a decision. It could also refer to mediation, in which an intermediary merely tries to help the parties reach an agreement, but does not issue a binding order.
9- Draft contracts
The contract between the owner and the builder typically outlines all the work that needs to be done, so it is essential that the project manager is involved and that he or she is closely acquainted with the requirements to ensure that he or she meets them.
But this is not the only agreement that the project manager must manage to ensure that the project is problem-free. Architects, suppliers of materials, and subcontractors (eg electricians, carpenters, and heating and cooling specialists) should also be found and contracted. The project manager must cover contracts with each of these parties that make up the various pieces of the building project puzzle.
10- Risk management
A key component in troubleshooting is risk management. That is, limiting the amount of problem that needs to be “solved.” A wide range of factors creates potential risks in a construction project: land conditions, design assumptions, general regulations, worker safety, and environmental concerns and regulations. As a result of the increase in the number of risks, the owners have demanded that the manufacturer be at least partially responsible in the event of losses due to these factors.
Therefore, it is the project manager’s responsibility to analyze the risks before the project begins so that both the developer and the customer are aware of them and can agree on how to share the risk. When construction is underway, the project manager should try to reduce the risks by carefully selecting materials and equipment and closely monitoring the work done.
Conclusion of construction project manager Article:
Although construction project managers may play several different roles in each project, their responsibilities are the key to success in a construction project. The construction project manager helps employees work together effectively to produce a great end product.
The project manager is the project leader, but this is by no means something that can be done alone. Through proper teamwork, communication, budget management, resource management, and planning, the project can be successful. To build something great requires a team mentality in construction, but there must also be a great manager to lead everyone to the success of the project.